CPAP stands for continuous positive airway pressure, so essentially it’s a reverse vacuum cleaner. And what you do, you go to bed and it blows air down the airway, either through your nose, through your mouth or both and maintains the airway. A patent airway is the correct terminology. You have a few ways of stenting your airway or splinting your airway. One is to bring your jaw forward with a mandibular advancement splint device or whatever you want to call it.
And that basically changes the tone of the structures in the airway and increases the volume of the airway. So what it does, it allows the lungs to work better. So essentially it allows you to be sucked in unimpeded. So that’s how splint works. Sleep, on the other hand, works the other way. It essentially pushes air into the airway, through the mouth, the nose or both and inflates the lungs. So there’s many ways of doing CPAP.
And in fact, now we actually call it PAP. We actually call it positive airway pressure because there’s numerous versions of it. You can have by level of BiPAP. You can have variable positive airway pressure VpAP. You can have APAP, which is auto PAP, where with the actual pressure is automatically adjusted while you sleep in response to the degree of obstruction in your area, et cetera, et cetera. So it is it is the gold standard of treatment for sleep disordered breathing and sleep disordered breathing is just a generic term to describe obstructive sleep apnea and snoring. So anything that disturbs the airway during sleep.